Perubahan Tenses pada Indirect Speech

Perubahan tenses pada indirect speech atau reported speech terjadi jika main clause pada direct speech merupakan tenses past. Perubahan tersebut mengikuti aturan sebagai berikut di bawah ini:

PERUBAHAN TENSES

DIRECT SPEECHINDIRECT SPEECH
Simple Present TenseSimple Past Tense
Present Continuous TensePast Continuous Tense
Present perfect TensePast Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Continuous TensePast Perfect Continuous Tense
Simple Past TensePast Perfect Tense
Past Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense

PERUBAHAN MODALS

Selain perubahan tenses pada reported speech, modals juga mengalami perubahan. Berikut ini tabel perubahan modal pada indirect speech.

DIRECT SPEECHINDIRECT SPEECH
CanCould
MustHad to
WillWould
MayWas/Were allowed to
MightMight
ShallShould
Could, Would, ShouldTetap (Could, Would, Should)
Have to / Has toHad to
MightMight

PERUBAHAN ADVERB

DIRECTINDIRECT
NowThen / at thet time
TodayThat day
YesterdayThe day before / the previous day
The day before yesterdayTwo days before
Two days agoTwo days before
TomorrowThe following day / The next day
Tomorrow morningThe following morning
The day after tomorrowIn two days time
Next week / yearThe following week / year
Last week / yearThe previous week / year
Last SundayThe previous Sunday
A year agoA year before
ThisThat
TheseThose
HereThere

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